Aristotle’s four causes elegantly simplifies the supralapsarian view of the doctrine of unconditional election: Four causes – Wikipedia
According to the article, Aristotle uses the word “cause” in the sense meaning “an explanation for how a thing came about”.
At this point, please read the wikipedia article at least, and refer to it as needed …
Here, I’ll briefly describe the four causes that explain how salvation comes about for the true Christian, according to the apostle Paul:
[Romans 9:21-23] Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use? What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory–
Material cause — Man as the clay (God creates man and gives him a unique will)
Formal cause — The good shape of the vessel (faith)
Efficient cause — God as the potter, moulding the clay (God gives the faith)
Final cause — The potter’s decision for the vessel to be used honourably (grace)
And, this corresponds to the reality of our salvation by grace through faith:
[Ephesians 2:8-9] For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.
Material cause — Man and his “free” will (God creates man and gives him a unique will)
[Proverbs 16:9] The heart of man plans his way, but the LORD establishes his steps.
Formal cause — Man’s god-given faith in the gospel (faith)
[Romans 1:16-17] For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
Efficient cause — God’s work in shaping our “free” will (God gives the faith)
[Philippians 2:13] for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.
Final cause — God’s sovereign purpose for us to obtain salvation, i.e. doctrine of election (grace)
[Ephesians 1:3-6] Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: (4) According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love: (5) Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, (6) To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
It is my hope that by viewing salvation through such a framework, the reader would come to understand the logical coherence of the (supralapsarian) doctrine of unconditional election.