People often see Science and Christianity as diametrically opposed, because if Science can explain everything, then there is no longer room for religion.
Similarly, people are afraid that if Science completely explains all physical phenomena, including human behaviour, then we are left with an empty view of the self as being made up of merely mechanical, “soulless” physical processes, devoid of any semblance of “free will”.
I believe that this is far from the truth, especially from a Christian perspective.
Do read my short explanation below, even if you don’t watch the video.
The physical world (realm) is where our bodies exist, while the spiritual realm is said to be where our spirits (minds, consciousness, emotions, thoughts, etc.) dwell.
Idealism is the idea that the physical world (Earth) is based on the spiritual realm (Heaven), instead of the other way round. We have the well known principle that “correlation does not imply causation”, so instead of the usual idea that physical neurological processes are what gives rise to our thoughts, the causation could easily work the other way round (as counter-intuitive as it may seem). It could even be that the physical world and the spiritual realm have no direct causal relationship! (i.e. God is the real direct cause/creator of both our physical and spiritual worlds, and that they are intimately connected exactly the way God intended them to be.)
Idealism tells us that even if complete knowledge of the atoms and molecules that comprise our physical bodies can perfectly predict everything we do, it does not necessarily mean that atoms and molecules are all we have left, nor that our conscious spiritual reality is somehow invalidated.
Here’s a simple thought experiment: what if God made the physical world to correspond perfectly to the spiritual realm (i.e. the physical world is a perfect material representation of the immaterial, spiritual realm), and deliberately gave us the ability to understand our physical world so that we are able to better/properly understand our spiritual reality? The way God instructed the Israelites to build the tabernacle, and thereby creating a physical construct to represent our spiritual reality, makes this idea seem very convincing to me; though of course, we can’t really prove it.
In conclusion: if God deliberately made the physical world (Earth) to correspond perfectly to our spiritual world (Heaven), then Christians have an obligation to study the physical world, in order to better understand the spiritual reality. In this way, Science really does bring us closer to God, and it is only right that we give both Science and Philosophy/Theology the full weight of respect that they deserve.
Common English Bible (CEB)
Gentiles are without excuse
18 God’s wrath is being revealed from heaven against all the ungodly behavior and the injustice of human beings who silence the truth with injustice. 19 This is because what is known about God should be plain to them because God made it plain to them. 20 So humans are without excuse.